This course introduces architecture of digital systems, emphasising structural principles common to a wide range of technologies. Topics include Multilevel implementation strategies; definition of new primitives (e.g., gates, instructions, procedures, and processes) and their mechanisation using lower-level elements. Analysis of potential concurrency; precedence constraints and performance measures; pipelined and multidimensional systems; instruction set design issues; architectural support for contemporary software structures.
- 10.009 The Digital World
- State the role of abstraction in the design of large digital systems, and explain the major software and hardware abstractions in contemporary computer systems.
- Design simple hardware systems based on a variety of digital abstractions such as ROMs, logic arrays and state machines.
- Synthesize digital systems from a library of representative components and test the designs under simulation.
- Describe the operation of a moderately complex digital system — a simple RISC-based computer — down to the gate level, and be able to specify, implement and debug its components.
- Appreciate the technical skills necessary to be a capable digital systems engineer.
- Explain the fundamentals of modern operating systems.
- Identify flaws and limitations in simple systems implemented using the static discipline.
- Identify flaws and limitations in simple systems implemented using clocked registers with asynchronous inputs.
- Identify flaws and limitations in simple systems implemented using semaphores for process synchronization.
- Characterize the logic function of combinational devices using CMOS, ROM or PLA technologies.
- Explain synthesis issues for combinational devices using CMOS, ROM or PLA technologies from their functional specification.
- Explain synthsis of acyclic circuits from combinational components.
- Calculate performance characteristics of acyclic circuits with combinational components.
- Explain and calculate performance characteristics of single-clock sequential circuits.
- Implement a simple RISC-based CPU architecture.
- Explain the underlaying theory of memory hierarchy.
- Implement a device handler using interrupt and SVC.
- Implement a synchronization system for processes using semaphore.